In the Institutes of Menu, the sacred book of the Brahmans, it is said: "If any one has an incurable disease, let him advance in a straight path towards the invincible northeast point, feeding on water and air till his mortal frame totally decays, and his soul becomes united with the supreme." It is at the same northeast point that those first instructions begin in Freemasonry which enables the true Freemason to commence the erection of that spiritual temple in which, after the decay of his mortal frame, "his soul becomes united with the supreme."
In the important ceremony which refers to the Northeast Corner of the Lodge, the Candidate becomes as one who is, to all outward appearance, a perfect and upright 7nan and Mason, the representative of a spiritual Corner-stone, on which he is to erect his future moral and Masonic edifice. This symbolic reference of the Corner-stone of a material edifice to a Freemason when, at his first initiation, he commences the moral and intellectual task of erecting a spiritual temple in his heart, is beautifully sustained when we look at all the qualities that are required to constitute a "well-tried, true, and trusty" Corner-stone. The squareness of its surface, emblematic of morality its cubical form, emblematic of firmness and stability of character and the peculiar finish and fineness of the material, emblematic of virtue and holiness show that the ceremony of the Northeast Corner of the Lodge was undoubtedly intended to portray, in the consecrated language of symbolism, the necessity of integrity and stability of conduct, of truthfulness and uprightness of character, and of purity and holiness of life, which, just at that time and in that place, the candidate is most impressively charged to maintain.
- Source: Mackey's Encyclopedia of Freemasonry
THE NORTHEAST CORNER
Surely no Mason ever forgets the moment when he is placed in the
Northeast Corner of the Lodge, and hears the Master say, that he
there stands a just and upright Mason. It is one of the thrills
along the great journey of initiation, a point at which the idea and
purpose of Masonry begin to take shape in the mind.
A thrill of joy is felt in the Lodge, not only by the initiate but by
the Master and the Brethren, as if a son had been born, or a new
friend found; a note of exaltation on having arrived at so happy a
climax, as when a pilgrim pauses to rejoice in so much of a journey
done. And naturally so, because the Corner Stone of a Mason's life
has been laid.
Always, as far back as we can go in the story of mankind, the laying
of a Cornerstone has been a happy event. It has always been
celebrated with solemn and joyous rites. It is the basis of a new
building, the beginning of a new enterprise; and the good will of God
is invoked to bless the builders and the building.
How much more, then, should it be so when a man takes the first step
out of Darkness toward the Light, and begins the adventure of a new
life! More important by far then Temple or Cathedral is the building
of a moral character and a spiritual personality. Stones will rot
and Temples crumble under the attrition of time, but moral qualities
and spiritual values belong to the Eternal Life.
The initiate stands in the Northeast Corner on a foundation of
Justice, the one virtue by which alone a man can live with himself or
with his fellows. Without it no structure will stand, in
architecture, as Ruskin taught us, much less in morals. In the Rite
of Destitution he has learned to love Mercy, and at the Altar of
Obligation prayer has been offered, in fulfillment of the words of
"He hath Shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the Lord
require of thee, but to do justly, and to love Mercy, and to walk
humbly with thy God!"
In the Northeast Corner the initiate stands midway between the North,
the place of darkness, and the East, the place of Light, whence
healing, revealing rays fall upon the life of man. Such is his
position, symbolically, and rightly so. He is an Entered Apprentice,
a beginner in the Masonic Art, neither in the Dark nor in the Light.
He has come out of the Darkness, his face set toward the Light, and
his quest is for more Light, with yet much light to dawn upon him.
What is life for? To live, of course; and only by living it do we
learn what it is for, much less how live it. It is ever an
adventure, a new adventure for each man, despite the millions that
have lived before us, since, as Keats said about poets, "We Never
Really Understand Fine Things Until We Have Gone The Same Steps As
The Author." Only by living can we learn what life is, verifying the
wisdom of ages alike by our virtues and our vices.
Yet it means much to have the wisdom learned by ages of living taught
us in symbols and told us in a story, as it is taught us and told us
in a Masonic Lodge. It brings to us the truth tried by time and
tragedy, and the principles wrought out and discovered by the race in
its long experience. It gives us a plan, a picture, a prophecy, and
the fellowship of men going the same road.
The initiate stands Erect in the Northeast Corner, upright and ready
to receive his working tools, a son of the Light, himself a living
stone to be polished. What is more wonderful, what more beautiful,
than Youth standing erect before God - not cringing, not groveling -
seeking the Light by which to make its way through the dim country of
this world to the City that hath foundations! Truly, our Masonry is
the organized poetry of faith!
But why the Northeast Corner? Would not some other corner of the
Lodge do as well? Perhaps it would, but Masonry is very old, going
back into a time far gone, when ordinary things had meanings, real or
imaginary, beyond their practical use. Such a question opens a
window into things quaint, curious, and even awful; and all sorts of
explanations are offered us, some of which may be named.
For example, Albert Pike spread out the map of the old world of the
East - the mystical territory whence so many of our symbols and
legends have come - and found that "The Apprentice represents the
Aryan race in it original home on the highlands of Pamir, in the
north of that Asia termed Orient, at the angle whence, upon two great
lines of emigration South and West, they flowed forth in successive
waves to conquer and colonize the world."
Well, what of it, interesting though it may be as a fact of long ago,
if a fact it is? What truth can it teach us to our profit, beyond
the suggestion that the House of Initiation took the form of the
world as it was then mapped in the mind, and that the procession of
initiation follows the line of march of a conquering race? It may be
valuable, as preserving the dim outline of ancient history - but not
Another student, seeking the secret of Masonry in solar symbolism and
mythology, looks at the same map of the Eastern World, in the frame
of an Oblong Square, studying the movements of the Sun from season to
season. He finds that the point farthest North and the point
farthest South on the map mark the Summer and Winter Solstices,
respectively. In other words, the Northeast Corner of the World, as
them mapped, is the point in the annual course of the Sun when it
reaches the extreme northern limit; the longest day in the year,
which in Masonry we dedicate to St. John the Baptist, the Prophet of
Then, turning to the history of religion, he finds, not unnaturally,
many rites of primitive peoples - magical rituals and Midsummer Night
Dreams - celebrating the Summer Solstice. Many hints and relics of
the old Light Religion are preserved for us in Masonry - rays of its
faiths and fictions - one of them being that the Northeast Corner of
the Universe, and so of the Lodge of which it is a symbol, is the
seat of the Sun-God in the prime of his power.
So, too, the Northeast Corner, as the throne of God in hour of his
majesty, became a place unique in the symbols of man, having special
virtue and sanctity. As we read in the Institutes of Menu: "If he
has any incurable disease, let him advance in a straight path towards
the invincible northeast point, feeding on water and air till his
mortal frame totally decays, and his soul becomes united with the
Supreme." What more appropriate a place from which to start an
edifice, or to place an Apprentice as he begins to build the Temple
of his Masonic life?
Also, because of such magical ideas associated with the Northeast
Corner, it was a cruel custom for ages to bury a living human being
under the corner stone of a building, to mollify the Gods, and,
later, as a token of the sacrifice involved in all building.
Horrible as the custom was, here no doubt was a crude sense of the
law of sacrifice running through all human life, never to be escaped,
even by the loftiest souls, as we see on a dark cross outside the
In the crude ages all things were crude; even the holiest insights
took awful shapes of human sacrifice. Life is costly, and man has
paid a heavy price for the highest truth. For there is a law of
heavenly death by which man advances - the death, that is, of all
that is unheavenly within him - that the purer, clearer truth may
rise. Evermore, by a law of dying into life, man grows - dying to
his lower, lesser self and releasing the angel hidden within him.
Thinking of all these strands of thought and faith and sorrow woven
into the symbolism of the Lodge, how can any one watch without
emotion as the Apprentice takes his place, upright and eager, in the
Northeast Corner. There he stands, against a background of myth,
symbol and old sacrifice, erect before God, and one thinks of the
great words in the Book of Ezekiel:
"And God said unto me, Son of Man, stand upon thy feet, and I will
speak unto thee. And the spirit entered into me when he spake unto
me, and set me upon my feet, that I heard him that spake unto me."
Such is the challenge of God to the manhood of man, asking him to
stand erect and unafraid, and commune as friend to friend. Alas, it
is not easy to keep the upright posture, physically or morally, in
the midst of the years with their blows and burdens. At last, a dark
Ruffian lays us low in death, and only the Hand of God, with its
strong grip, can lift us from a dead level and set us on our feet
forever. So, at least, Masonry teaches us to believe and live:
Lord, I believe
Man is no little thing
that, like a bird in spring,
Comes fluttering to the Light of Life,
And out of the darkness of long death.
The breath of God is in him,
And his age long strife
With evil has a meaning and an end.
Though twilight dim his vision be
Yet can he see Thy Truth,
And in the cool of evening,
Thou, his friend, Dost walk with him, and talk
Did not the Word take flesh?
Of the great destiny
That waits him and his race.
In days that are to be
By grace he can achieve great things,
And, on the wings of strong desire,
Mount upward ever, higher and higher,
Until above the clouds of earth he stands,
And stares God in the face.
"SO MOTE IT BE"